Working Paper 10: The Relations Between Public Diplomacy And Nation Brands: An Investigation of Nation Branding in Turkey By Ayşe Tecmen, 2018

In the last two decades, nation branding has become a discursive asset in politics due to the increasing significance of public opinion in countries’ ability to compete in a globalised economic and political setting. Due to the multiplicity of incentives to brand nations, this subject matter has received extensive attention from both academics and practitioners. The first part of this Working Paper delineates the extant theoretical and academic debates on the relations between public diplomacy and nation brands and sheds light on how nation brands are deployed to influence foreign public opinions. The second part delineates the stages of nation branding which illustrates the complexity of the nation branding process while drawing attention to the importance of economic, political, and cultural assets. The third part of this Paper focuses on the making of Brand Turkey as well as the recent projects and campaigns carried out in this scope. Dr. Tecmen’s discussion reveals that there are both economic and political incentives to brand Turkey, and the diversity of the campaign carried out by the government illustrates their significance to formulating a unique, articulate, and competitive nation brand. More importantly, this study demonstrates that innovative approaches to diplomacy, particularly in terms of state-to-public communications, have become essential to ascertaining countries’ distinctive characteristics derived from their national assets. This Working Paper partly derives from Dr.Tecmen’s research for the CoHERE project, which is an EU-funded Horizon 2020 project titled “Critical Heritages: performing and representing identities in Europe”.


Jean Monnet Chair of European Politics of Interculturalism

Director, European Institute

Istanbul Bilgi University